Parts of sewing machine

 Parts of the sewing machine 

part of the sewing machine is given bellow

1. Needle Plate:

It is a part of steel that is placed under the pressure foot. Through a hole made in it, the needle comes down to the lower part and brings the bobbin thread up. While sewing, the needle from the same hole comes in and out - fills stitches. Under this plate, there are also three long holes in the raindrop which move the cloth.

Parts of sewing machine


2. Slide Plate:

This part is also made of steel which is completely square. It is fitted with a needle plate. The bobbin can be removed and inserted easily by sliding it to the left.


3. Pressure Foot:

It is like the appearance of the eddy of the foot, which is also called pressure foot or 'foot'. It remains in the needle bar. It keeps the fabric pressed while sewing.


 4. clamp screw:

A pinch to fit the needle into the machine is called a clamp screw. While applying the needle, the skew is tightened by placing the round part of the needle towards the front and the flat side towards the inside.


 5. Pressure Footbar Lifter:

It is a lightly curved rod, also called a guide. With the help of this pundy the pressure foot is raised up or down. After sewing, it is lifted up.


 6. Needle Rod:

It is an iron rod, also known as a gauze. It is fitted with a 'pressure bar'. One end of it comes down through the pressure regulating screw in the upper part, where it attaches to the needle


 7. Pressure Bar:

It is a long rod. There is a screw-on on its lower end. With this rod fit the pressure foot


8. Grade Guide:

It is a type of hook. The thread is inserted in this hook before putting the thread in the needle, but it has no special significance. It can also be stitched without putting the thread in it. Yes, it has the advantage of sewing under the fan, due to the strong wind. Due to this, the thread will not be able to go here and there and there is no risk of breaking of the Vaga.


9. Grade tension device and distance:

This part has a spring with a screw in the front between two round leaves, which is tightened or loosened to reduce or increase the tension of the thread. In this, the Chaga is poured between two round leaves and threaded into "take-up liver" and needle. Its function is also to make the sewing buckle run smoothly. The similarity of the thread of "bobbin" and the "tension device" is essentially the same, ie the thread of the bobbin and the thread of the shred station device must be uniformly tightened or loose.


10. Takeup Lever:

Insert the thread into the upper hole. After the thread exits the device, put it in the "take-up lever", it is also called "Nath". It performs up and down the action and by this action, the thread pulls forward and then the thread comes into the cloth as a back. is.


11. Top Hole:

It is located above the take-up lever of the machine and near the pressure regulating screw. The first thread is inserted into this hole and due to this hole, the thread moves smoothly without any interruption.


 12. Pressure Regulating Screw:

It is a screw on the front of the machine at the top. It is tightened or pressure is increased on the cloth to reduce pressure. Within it is a long rod, known as a pressure bar. This pressure bar goes down. Where the pressure attaches to the foot


13. Spool Pin:

It is similar to two long nails and fits over the machine. When sewing, a thread reel is mounted on it.


14. Fly Wheel:

It is around a small wheel of iron, which moves forward and backward. The machine runs and the stitching of the fabric is done by moving towards it. This flywheel is driven either by lift or by cargo on it or by motor or by the motor.


15. Bobbin Binder:

This is the place to fill the bobbin. With a nail attached to it, we fill the thread in the bobbin. Putting the bobbin on the wedge and pressing the pressure page, the round bun of the rubber is attached to the flywheel, so that it also rotates at full speed when the machine is running and the thread in the bobbin is filled.


16. Stitch regulating screw:

There is a long slot below the bobbin binder. On which a plate is attached. There is a sku in the middle of it which acts from top to bottom and bottom to top. Numbers 0 to 5 are marked on the said plate. At 0, the machine starts to vomit, ie the cloth moves backward instead of forward. But when it reaches above 0, the bakhiya becomes very thick when it reaches number 5. It is used to strengthen special stitches.


17. Handle or handle -

The handle is an important part of the machine. It has to be held by hand. The machine runs faster due to its faster speed. The "flywheel" will also rotate slowly by rolling the handle. As a result, the speed of the machine also slows down.


Inner parts of sewing  Machine 

The machine has complete stitching work done with only two threads. One is filled in a bobbin in a shuttle case located at the top of the machine and the other under the needle plate inside the machine. We require two special types of spares while sewing, this is called shuttle case and bobbin case.


1. Bobbin thread:

The thread wrapping is called a bobbin. Before filling the thread two or four times, we thread it by hand; Then, loosen the "balance wheel" near the "flywheel". The way to loosen the balance wheel is to hold the flywheel tightly with one hand and rotate the balance wheel with your other hand. 

The machine will not run when the balance wheel is loose, but the flywheel will run. By doing this, the machine avoids wear and tear. 

Drive the flywheel by pressing the pressure screw on the bobbin binder. In this way, the thread will fill in the bobbin. If you do not want to lose the balance wheel, then top it with a pressure foot lifter in the front of the machine. 

This will elevate the pressure foot and the teeth of the machine will also be safe and thread can also be filled in the flywheel bobbin.


 2. Bobbin Case:

The iron box in which the bobbin is placed after filling the thread is called a "bobbin case" or "compartment." This compartment has a screw on the upper surface, tightening or loosening it to reduce the tension of the thread or More is done

This screw has a special contribution to beautiful and clean stitching while sewing. Putting the bobbin in the box, the thread on top of the iron box, on which the screw is attached, removes one end of the thread from the back of the box, which has a "latch" on it, and picks up the box "shuttle-pin". 

Put on Release the latches. The compartment makes the sound of torque when fitted in a shuttle. If there is no sound, then understand the bobbin case that the box is not properly fitted. Repeat it again with the same action.

 A little thread is left out when the box is fitted. Turn the flywheel and bring the needle downwards and in this way, the needle will pull the bottom thread upwards.


 3. Shuttle Case:

The shuttle case is where the thread-filled bobbin is inserted into the box to fit in a specially made position on the underside of the nidil plate. This shuttle case is completed in collaboration with several prizes.


4. Shuttle Driver:

This part is semicircular and is held in a shuttle case inverted.


5. Shuttle Race:

This part covers the Bobbin case.


6. Shuttle race coach:

It has a shuttle driver which roams inside it.


7. Shuttle Race Box Spring:

This part completely tightens the shuttle case, also known as the shuttle race assembly. The screw-on has to be tightened.

Previous Post
Next Post
Related Posts