Garment Pattern, kinds of pattern

 Preparing a pattern

Patton is called Pattern in ordinary language. It is drafted on paper and cut accordingly, then it is called paper patron. Each part of the garment that is made is made on paper,

Says drafting. When cut from the lines created by that drafting, it becomes a draft pattern. Parts of this pattern are placed on the cloth in such a way that no part of the cloth goes in vain. In this way, the cloth is saved and the cloth is also cut to the right size. 

Similarly, by placing patterns on the printed or striped (lining) clothes, it can be seen how to cut the cloth, so that the print or stripes can be adjusted on the two, arms, neck, and folds. By doing this, the clothes look beautiful.

 These types of patterns are of greater benefit to tailoring trainees and women at home. There is no inconvenience in cutting their clothes. The cloth is used properly and the cloth does not go to waste.

Kinds of pattern

Patrons are used to making garments. It is not a mistake to cut clothes. Practitioners and skilled artisans take drafting on the cloth and cut it, but it is very important for new artisans and trainees to cut the pattern. Patterns are as follows

1. Simple pattern

Ordinary patrons make tailoring trainees and tailoring learners. He first practices with an ordinary patron. According to this measurement, the pattern is cut by drafting paper without sewing pressure.

 The dots of the waist and the side dort are cut out of it. Likewise, the dots on the backside remove the dots, take out the dignity, the front half of the back paper is cut. 

In making the pattern, neither the cloth is left for sewing pressure nor the button strip nor the bottom hem is taken. In this way, when cutting the cloth from the pattern, the cloth is left for pressing the stitch, button bandage, etc. 

This pattern is of simple design. The front and the tail portion should be written on the pattern by making a pattern. The open and closed sides of the edges are also taken. If the button bar is in front, then the back part is closed, if the button bar is in the back, then the front part is closed. 

The open and closed parts are kept in mind while keeping a patron on the cloth, otherwise, there may be a mistake in cutting the fabric. In addition, the outer lines of the pattern are stitch lines and the point lines left outside are of pressure. Dort cutting from patterns means that their marks can be made easily on the fabric.

(2) Block pattern

Patons that are used more often are kept properly, yet paper patterns are cut off due to marking on clothes. For this permanent patterns - which can be kept for a long time - are made. These patterns are made of thick cardboard, Shri ply, tin sheet, thick zinc sheet, etc., which do not deteriorate and are permanent. 

Coarse patterns are used for dozens of fabrics of the same size. Small readymade garments manufacturers make tin sheet patrons. Similarly, manufacturers of high-grade readymade garments prepare different patterns of metal share. Use them when needed. They do not have to make patrons again and again.

3. Ready-made pattern

A readymade pattern means that fabrics of different sizes are bought and made from the market. These patterns take more time and time to prepare themselves. Clothing is prepared in less time than readymade patrons. 

These patterns are of different sizes of different fabrics, women, and men who do not know how to do drafting, buy readymade patterns of different fabrics so that they make the clothes by them. Through these patterns, the cutting of the fabric is cured and the fabric is also not cut wrong. Patrons prove more important for such individuals.

4. Final paper pattern 

By the way, all patterns are final. Those whose drafting is good, their patterns are also final and the clothes made are also made. But the patterns used for the clothes of certain times or special people are final patterns. 

The clothes of those individuals are raw and seen from the trial to see if the clothes are in the right size and fit properly. The cloth is finalized by making the desired corrections in it. Whatever improvements are made are made in the clothes as well as in the customer pattern. There is no need to make any improvement in making the same garment in the future.

(5) Fancy pattern

Designs of new fashion clothes also come new. Patrons are made according to that. In these one-color garments, there is a change in women's arms and callers, and in men's pockets and callers' patterns. Very large collars and puffed arms are used in size, while all other parts are common. 

Additional patterns are made by drafting them. If the skirt is to be made of two colors, the top yoke is made by placing a colored pattern, while the paper pattern is first to cut in one quarter, then it is cut into two pieces from the yoke line. The cut on the underside of the yoke is cut by placing a pattern on the other color of the skirt. Now the cloth is cut properly by increasing the pressure and hem on all three sides.

(5) Grading pattern

These types of patterns are very big - big factories, mills, and manufacturers of readymade garments use more. These patterns are the same rather than many different measurements and marks of different measurements are made, so that the work of multiple patterns can be taken from the same pattern.

Benefits of Pattern

Not only does the fabric save by making patterns, but the design also looks beautiful. Clothing measures are good. There is no possibility of mistakes in them. There are the following benefits of making a pattern

1. Saving time - If multiple garments of the same size can be made, then the clothes can be cut from these patterns with the proper size in a short time. There is no need to create separate patterns for each garment. This saves a lot of time. Therefore, these types of patterns should be kept separately in a safe place with a mark, so that they can be used immediately when needed.

2. Find the defect - If there is any defect in making a pattern, then it can be corrected by placing it on the cloth and understanding it. If the cloth has been cut according to that pattern and then defects appear in the cloth, then it is easier to improve it. Patrons can also be repaired so that there is no fault of any kind in making clothes in the future.

3. Cheap layout - According to the measure, the cloth is cut by placing the patterns of all the parts on the cloth in such a way that the cloth should be kept in the least and not waste. In this way, the layout of the fabric becomes cheaper. The layout of the fabric without the pattern becomes more. Thus the layout is cheaper than the pattern.

4. Design making - The design of the pattern can be converted into a design by the customer. If the fabric is short for the design given by the customer, then you can also change it yourself, which is also given to the customer. By doing this, the custom design of the customer is made and he is happy, which is very important for tailoring.

5. Permanent record of pattern - Common size patterns should be kept by putting code numbers permanently so that they can be removed and used immediately when needed. Doing this saves time and labor.

6. Cutting of pattern - After drafting, the pattern of the paper is cut and it is seen what is missing. If a defect appears, it is corrected or a new pattern is made. If the cloth is cut in the same way and goes wrong, it is more difficult to repair it. If the wrong pattern has been made and the cloth is also cut accordingly, then that cloth can be improved.

Precautions in making patterns

The following precautions should be used while preparing patterns on paper

1. The pattern should be made of full scale on paper.

2. Drafting should be done with fine and clean lines.

3. The measurement should be checked before making drafting.

4. As far as possible, the pattern should be made on khaki paper and drafting should be done on its rough side.

5. Drafting is made according to the measurement. A measure should be checked again, only then drafting should be done.

6. If the measurement has resulted in incorrect lines forming the drafting, then they should be erased with rubber or cut with tailoring chalk.

7. Design of drafts, plates, balance marks, pockets, etc. should be put on all marks on the marks or knuckles.

8. The measurement diary at the time of drafting - in which the cloth measurements are written - should be kept in front, so that there is no mistake.

9. There should not be any pressure or bend in the pattern and this should be kept in mind while designing.

10. According to the design book, the design lines should be checked once again.

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