FINISHING OF KNITTED GOODS



Knitted goods are commonly used for undergarments, sports year and to a limited extent as casual wear One peculiar quality of knitted goods are that it can be easily deformed and will lose its shape when stretched For these fabrics which are meant to be used as undergarments and sports wears, the main requirement is that the material should be absorbent so that sweat can be assorted easily. 


FINISHING OF KNITTED GOODS


Good scouting and bleaching will easily ensure this property Knitted goods have a natural ability to recover from creases. They normally do not retain any creases. Any extra strength or luster car be impaired to the material u ing mercerized yarns for making the knitted mate-ial After knitting, it is very difficult to mercerize the knitted material



property Knitted goods have a natural ability to recover from creases. They normally do not retain any creases. Any extra strength or luster car be imparted to the material u ing mercerized yarns for making the knitted material After knitting, it is very difficult to mercerize the knitted material In the case of casual wear, some amount cf creasing is Required to enhance the appearance and serviceability of the fabric. 
One of the most common finishing is to apply a softening agent to the fabric. Care should be taken in such a way that the given finish will not destroy the Porous Nature of the fabric

     SOFTENING OF KNITTED GOODS


To soften the knitted goods, softening is done by using softeners As and if is in the tubular form, normally Exhaust method is applied using Winch. Care should be taken that the machine which is used for this purpose is tensionless  there is tension, the elastic beauty of the knitted good will be spoiled.
Softeners like Anionic, Non-ionic, Cationic and Reactive softeners may be used. Reactive softeners produce Permanent softness Other softeners will produce Temporary softness. Silicone emulsion is also used as a softening agent for knitted goods

      DIMENSIONAL CONTROL OF KNITTED  GOODS



The objective of calendaring is to) To make the knitted goods more lustrous. 2) To impart smoothness 3) To impart Full Handle. 4) To impart Dimensional Stability Calendering 2nd Dimensional control of knitted is done using Santex. goods It is a combined Calendar and Compacting machine

The machine consists of the following features Fabric feeding de-ice. Steaming box Compacting and pressing device. Precision plaiter. The knitted goods are passed into the first steamer through the feeding device. In the steaming process, the goods are obtained in a more pliable nature. Then it is passed through a Pressing device to get Dimensional control. Here, heat and pressure are applied with stretching Finally it is plaited on the platter table and kept for some time and finally, it is dried. Felt Calendar ma ha ca also be used for this calendering purpose ie no tension on the fabric.



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