Application of textile fiber

All textile materials possess some type of performance and function. Performance is generally defined as the resistance against a physical stimulus and/or chemical stimulus caused by different constraints. On the other hand
the function is the action of induction or conversion of quality or change in quantity under the influence of an outer stimulus. Based on the performance and function, the textiles can be classified into four categories. Those are

Application of textile fibe

Apparel textiles

It deals with all the textile materials used for clothing like men's wear, women's wear, children's wear, sport's wear.

Interior textiles

It deals with the materials exclusively used in the home, other than clothing like bedding, quilt Interior textiles These materials are used for more comfort properties like curtains, carpets, upholstery cloth, cords, laces, etc.

Technical textiles

Technical textiles come in a wide variety as the required performance and function differ in association with the extensive range of application purposes. Because of this diversity, technical textiles are classified into the following SIx groups as per the area of application. Those are:
1) Mobile textiles,
2) Geotextiles,
3) Industrial textiles,
4) Construct textiles,
5) Medical textiles and
6) Safety textiles.

Mobile Textiles

These types of textile materials are used for thermal insulation, soundproofing, cushioning materials. Some examples of these materials are: non-wovens, woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, reinforcing fibers for plastics, upholstery materials, sheets, canvas, etc. used for automobile, aerospace and marine products.


These types of materials are used for filters, wind breaking nets, geotextiles in civil engineering, waterways, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and mining Some of the examples are: textiles for earth works, road making, subsoil stabilization, river/canal bank protection, underwater structures, sacks, netting, tarpaulin, gardening, and erosion protection fabrics.

Construct textiles

These textile materials are used for surface and underground construction, foundation construction, bridge construction and building construction like roofing sheets, wall covering, etc. Some of the textile materials are textile material for interior decoration, sheets, roof sheeting, scan-blind textiles, tent fabrics, acoustic protection screens, temporary building.

Industrial textiles

These textiles materials are used for electrical, chemical, plastic processing, and packaging industries as a protective covering, filters and thermal insulating materials. Some of the textile materials are: Filters, composites, heat and cold protection textiles, antistatic textiles, hoses, netting, insulating textile, backing materials for coatings, laminated films, etc.

Medical textiles

These textile materials are used for hospital equipment, sanitary, medical care and health care like bandages, artificial blood vessels, masks, surgical wear. Some of the examples are hospital bedding and sheets, bandaging materials, hygiene nonwovens, textile products for surgery, operating sheets, doctors and nurses' clothing.

Safety textiles

These textile materials are used for protective wear, safety equipment, military outfits for the purpose of protection. Some of the materials are: heat protection clothing, military clothing, bulletproof materials, chemical protective clothing, and equipment, protective non-clothing and textile packaging.

Presently technical textiles are classified into 14 groups as per their field of application. Those are:
1) Air and space,
2) Traffic and transport,
3) Packaging and conveyance,
4) Information and communication,
5) Agriculture and forestry,
6) Engineering works,
7) Construction,
8) fishing and marine,
9) Health and medicine,
10) Sport and leisure,
11) Production,
12) Resources and energy,
13) Armaments and defense and
14) Others.

In conclusion, textiles had been started mainly for apparel textiles or clothing. But with the progress of science, the capabilities of imaginations and dreams, the realization of the dream into hopes, synthetic fibers with different performance and functional properties came into existence. This improves high-value addition and functional improvements of textiles and textile goods. This is not the land; there are great expectations for the development of applications in new fields. 

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