Cotton cultivation

Cotton cultivation

Cotton,cotton cultivation, type of cotton, cotton cultivation aria, cotton cultivation climate, method of cotton cultivation, cotton 

Now cotton is cultivated in almost every country in the world having a mild climate, suitable for cotton cultivation. American cotton dominates world market.
Other countries, large producers of cotton are India, Brazil, Mexico, Egypt and China.

Cotton cultivation aria 

In tropical and sub-tropical regions, vast tracts of land are cultivated for the production of cotton. These areas lie between lines drawn 45 degree north and 35 degree south of equator. Apart from the principal cotton growing areas i.e., USA, India, China, Brazil, Egypt, Mexico, cotton is cultivated in Turkey, Argentina, Spain, Pakistan, Syria, Peru, Greece and Colombia.

cotton cultivation

Method of cultivation

In the preparation of the ground for planting, ridges should be formed with spaces of 1.5-2.0 meter between them. Then seeds are sown. When the plants appear on the ground, they should be thinned out leaving only the strongest plant growing at suitable interval along the ridges.
During growth, precaution should be taken for its resistance towards insects and diseases the flowers appear in June. This lasts only a day or so. After disappearance of the flower, the seeds become gradually surrounded bay soft fibrous substance.

By this time, the flower pod appears and it grows to full size in August. In between this time, the fiber growth continues until they mature. The enlargement of the seed causes the pod to burst and a ball of whitish fibre is brought to light. In this period, it should be immediately collected for cotton fibre extraction.

It should be remembered that cotton is a seed hair and it gets out of the pod as soon as the seed is mature. The fibre helps the seed to fly in the air and gets carried away by air flow to other places. So before the seed gets out of the pod, the cotton ball should be plucked. After plucking, the cotton with the seed is transferred to the ginning factory for the separation of the fibres from the seeds.

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