Kapok fibre


KAPOK

Kapok is silky fibre obtained from the pod of kapok tree. The botanical name of is ceiba Pentranda of the family Boombacaceae. This tree is grown principally in Java, Africa, Netherlands, and South-east Asia, where the soil and hot climatic conditions are specially suited for its growth.

kapok fibre

This tree grows to a height of 35 meters. The pods are oblong in shape, form 10 to 15cm in length and 2 to 4 cm in diameter. The fibres are contained in the outer shell, loosely surrounding the seeds and entirely free from the cell. When the pod ripe, the fibres come out from the pod after opening. Sunshine and air cause the pods to open out.

The fibre  are being separated by hand, of by l methods and' further cleaned by air separation method. The unripe unmatured pods should be eliminated. Around 20,000 to 25,000 pods are required to produce 100 kilogram of fibre. After collection, the fibres can be pressed into bales and transported for further processing.

PROPERTIES AND USES

The fibre is exceedingly light with a circular cross-section, thin walls 0 and a wide lumen. Kapok fibres are moisture resistant, resilient, soft and brittle. This fibre is not suitable for spinning but it is very much suitable for stuffing.
So this fibre is mostly used in jackets, sleeping bags, insulating materials and upholstery



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